State of Connecticut Workers' Compensation Commission, John A. Mastropietro, Chairman
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Workers' Compensation Glossary
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A

Accident Report

Workers' Compensation Commission form entitled "EMPLOYER'S FIRST REPORT OF OCCUPATIONAL INJURY OR ILLNESS" (for non-State employees) or State of Connecticut Form PER WC-207 (for State employees) required to be filed by an employer in cases of an employee's occupational injury or disease that results in incapacity from work of one day or more.

Administrative Regulations

Regulations adopted in accordance with statutory authority to prescribe procedures and requirements within the workers' compensation system.

Agreement

Written agreement between an employer's workers' compensation insurance carrier or a self-insured employer and an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease specifying the type and amount of workers' compensation benefit paid to the employee. An agreement must be made using the Workers' Compensation Commission's "Voluntary Agreement", Form WCC-1.

Appeal

Request by one of the parties in a workers' compensation case to have the Workers' Compensation Commission's Compensation Review Board (CRB) hear the case, which has already been heard in some lower level Informal or Formal Hearing(s). The appealing party requests an overturning of some earlier decision(s) by the Workers' Compensation Commissioner(s) who heard the case at the earlier hearing(s).

Approved List of Medical Practitioners

The Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman (in consultation with the Workers' Compensation Advisory Board) may establish a list of approved physicians and other practitioners who may render medical services to employees with compensable work- related injuries or occupational diseases. Administrative Regulation 31-280-1 specifies standards for approval of medical practitioners to treat employees in workers' compensation cases, as well as criteria for removal of practitioners from the list.

Arising Out Of and In The Course of Employment

An employee's accidental injury or occupational disease originating while he or she was engaged in the line of duty in the business or affairs of the employer, upon the employer's premises or elsewhere by the direction, express or implied, of the employer.

Attending Physician

Medical practitioner who is the primary medical caregiver of an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease. An attending physician must be on the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman's "Approved List of Medical Practitioners" to treat employees in workers' compensation cases.

Attending Physician's First Report of Injury

Workers' Compensation Commission Form 48 used by an attending physician to report initial medical findings related to an employee's compensable work-related injury or occupational disease or the State of Connecticut's Form PER WC-208 used by an attending physician to report initial medical findings for State employees with compensable work-related injuries or occupational diseases.

Attending Physician's Supplemental Report

Workers' Compensation Commission Form 49 used by an attending physician to report medical findings related to an employee's compensable work-related injury or occupational disease during the course of treatment.

Attorney Fee Schedule

The Workers' Compensation Act requires the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman to annually publish the maximum fees claimants are required to pay attorneys for legal services rendered in workers' compensation cases.

Average Weekly Wage

Average weekly earnings of an employee with a compensable work- related injury or occupational disease, used to determine the employee's weekly workers' compensation benefit rate.

Award

Grant of workers' compensation benefits or other fees in a workers' compensation case.

AWW

Average Weekly Wage

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B

Basic Compensation Rate

Weekly workers' compensation benefit rate of an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease, without cost-of-living adjustments or dependency allowances. * For injuries/illnesses before October 1, 1991, the basic rate is two-thirds (2/3) of an employee's gross average weekly wage. * For injuries/illnesses from October 1, 1991 through June 30, 1993, the basic rate is 80% of an employee's average weekly wage, after federal income taxes and FICA deductions. * For injuries/illnesses on or after July 1, 1993, the basic rate is 75% of an employee's average weekly wage, after federal and state income taxes and FICA deductions.

Benefit Rate Table

The Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman (in consultation with the Workers' Compensation Advisory Board) is required to annually publish tables which specify weekly workers' compensation benefit rates, based upon the gross average weekly wage, the federal tax filing status, and the number of claimed exemptions of an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease. These tables must be consulted for the determination of weekly benefit rates ONLY for compensable work- related injuries and occupational diseases on or after October 1, 1991.

Benefits

Workers' compensation benefits or other payments mandated by the Workers' Compensation Act including, but not limited to, indemnity; medical and surgical aid or hospital and nursing service under Section 31-294d of the Act; and any type of payment for disability, whether for total or partial disability of a permanent or temporary nature, death benefit, funeral expense, payments made under Sections 31-284b, 31-293a, or 31-310 of the Act, or any adjustment in benefits or payments required by the Act.

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C

Certificate of Self Insurance

Workers' Compensation Commission Form 27-62 used by the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman authorizing an employer to self-insure its workers' compensation insurance coverage liability.

Certificate of Self Insurance Application

Workers' Compensation Commission Form WC18-76 used by an employer to apply for a Certificate of Self Insurance from the Commission.

Chairman

Workers' Compensation Commissioner appointed by the Governor to head the Workers' Compensation Commission and administer the state workers' compensation system according to the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act.

Chapter 568

The Workers' Compensation Act, comprised of Sections 31-275 through 31-355a of the Connecticut General Statutes. This chapter establishes the Connecticut workers' compensation system of wage replacement benefits for and medical treatment of compensable work-related injuries and occupational diseases, as well as the State agency, the Workers' Compensation Commission, which administers the Connecticut workers' compensation system.

Claimant

Any person who makes a claim for workers' compensation benefits for an alleged work-related injury or occupational disease. Claimants are either employees claiming a compensable work- related injury or occupational disease or surviving dependents of an employee killed by a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease.

COLA

Annual cost-of-living adjustment in a claimant's basic compensation rate. This applies ONLY to Temporary Total Disability and Dependent Survivors' benefits, and is paid every October 1 to claimants who have been declared Permanently Totally Disabled and injured workers who have been Temporarily Totally disabled for five or more years.

Commission

Workers' Compensation Commission, the State agency established by the Workers' Compensation Act to administer the Connecticut workers' compensation system.

Commissioner

Workers' Compensation Commissioner, an administrative official authorized by the Workers' Compensation Act to have jurisdiction in whatever matter referred to in a given section of the Act.

Commutation

Payment of workers' compensation benefits in a monthly, quarterly, or single lump sum payment, rather than in weekly or biweekly payments.

Commutation and What It Means

Workers' Compensation Commission form signed by a claimant to signify understanding of and agreement to payment of workers' compensation benefits by commutation.

Compensation

Workers' compensation benefits or other payments mandated by the Workers' Compensation Act including, but not limited to, indemnity; medical and surgical aid or hospital and nursing service under Section 31-294d of the Act; and any type of payment for disability, whether for total or partial disability of a permanent or temporary nature, death benefit, funeral expense, payments made under Sections 31-284b, 31-293a, or 31-310 of the Act, or any adjustment in benefits or payments required by the Act.

Compensation Rate

Weekly workers' compensation benefit rate of an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease.

Compensation Review Board

Workers' Compensation Commission board comprised of two Workers' Compensation Commissioners and the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman to hear appeals of decisions from lower level Informal and Formal Hearings.

Concurrent Employment

Simultaneous employment by more than one employer. When an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease is concurrently employed, the basic compensation rate is based upon the average weekly wages from ALL jobs the employee is unable to work as a result of the injury or disease.

Continuance

Adjournment or postponement of a hearing or other proceeding to a subsequent day or time.

Cost-of-Living Adjustment

Annual cost-of-living adjustment in a claimant's basic compensation rate. This applies ONLY to Temporary Total Disability and Dependent Survivors' benefits, and is paid every October 1 to claimants who have been declared Permanently Totally Disabled and injured workers who have been Temporarily Totally disabled for five or more years.

CRB

The Workers' Compensation Commission's Compensation Review Board comprised of two Workers' Compensation Commissioners and the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman to hear appeals of decisions from lower level Informal and Formal Hearings.

CRD

The Workers' Compensation Commission's Compensation Review Division, now the Compensation Review Board (CRB).

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D

Date of Injury

Date a work-related injury occurs or, for occupational disease, the date of total or partial incapacity to work due to the disease. (The Compensation Review Board has held the date of injury for repetitive trauma to be the last day of exposure to the incidents of repetitive trauma, i.e. the last day worked.)

Day of Injury

Day a work-related injury occurs. An employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease is entitled to full wages for the entire day an injury occurs and, for purposes of determining workers' compensation benefits, that day is not counted as a day of incapacity from work.

Dependency Allowance

Extra payment (in addition to a claimant's basic compensation rate) for each of a claimant's dependents. This allowance is paid ONLY to claimants whose compensable work-related injuries or occupational diseases occurred PRIOR to October 1, 1991.

Dependent

Employee's family member (for employees with compensable work- related injuries or occupational diseases) or next of kin who was wholly or partly dependent upon the employee's earnings at the time of the employee's injury or disease, including any presumptive dependent or dependent in fact.

Dependent in Fact

Person determined to be an employee's dependent (for employees with compensable work-related injuries or occupational diseases) in a workers' compensation case in which there is no presumptive dependent, in accordance with the facts existing on the date of the injury or disease.

Dependent Survivor

Presumptive dependent or dependent in fact surviving an employee who dies from a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease.

Dependent Survivors' Benefits

Burial expenses for an employee who dies from a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease and wage replacement benefits to surviving dependents of such a deceased employee. Such benefits are also known as "Death Benefits", "Fatality Benefits" or "Survivors' Benefits".

Disability Evaluation

Workers' Compensation Commission Form 42 used by an attending physician to report the existence and extent of a Permanent Partial Disability of an employee with a compensable work- related injury or occupational disease.

Disclaimer

Workers' Compensation Commission Form 43 used by an employer or its workers' compensation insurance carrier to deny or contest liability for a claim for workers' compensation benefits.

Discontinuation Notice

Workers' Compensation Commission Form 36 used by an employer or its workers' compensation insurance carrier to discontinue or reduce a claimant's workers' compensation benefit payments.

Disfigurement

Impairment of or injury to the beauty, symmetry, or appearance of a person that renders the person unsightly, misshapen, imperfect, or deforms in some manner or otherwise causes a detrimental change in the external form of the person.

Disfigurement and Scarring

Permanent, significant disfigurement of, or permanent, significant scarring on the face, head, neck, or any other part of the body which handicaps an employee with a compensable work- related injury or occupational disease in obtaining or continuing to work.

Disfigurement and Scarring Benefits

Benefits paid to an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease for a compensable disfigurement or scar.

District

Jurisdiction established by the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman to administer matters of the workers' compensation system within a given geographical area.

District Office

Workers' Compensation Commission office which administers matters of the workers' compensation system within the jurisdiction of the Workers' Compensation District in which it is located. Informal and Formal Hearings are held in District Offices, which also maintain records pertinent to their jurisdictions, such as workers' compensation case files.

DOI

Date of Injury. The date a work-related injury occurs or, for occupational disease, the date of total or partial incapacity to work due to the disease. (The Compensation Review Board has held the date of injury for repetitive trauma to be the last day of exposure to the incidents of repetitive trauma, i.e. the last day worked.)

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E

Education Services

Workers' Compensation Commission unit that provides education and information regarding the Connecticut workers' compensation system.

Emergency Hearing

Special type of Informal Hearing to provide for the administration of "emergency" situations which require especially quick action to provide appropriate medical treatment and workers' compensation benefits to employees with compensable work-related injuries or occupational diseases.

Employee

Any person who: (1) has entered into or works under any contract of service or apprenticeship with an employer, whether the contract contemplated the performance of duties within or without Connecticut; (2) is a sole proprietor or business partner who accepts the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act; (3) is elected to the Connecticut General Assembly; (4) is a salaried officer or paid member of any police or fire department; (5) is a volunteer police officer, whether designated as special or auxiliary; or (6) is an elected or appointed official or agent of any town, city, or borough in the state.

Employer

Any person, corporation, firm, partnership, voluntary association, joint stock association, the State of Connecticut, or any public corporation within the state using the services of one or more employees for pay, or such an employer's legal representative.

Employer Mutual Association

Employer association formed to insure the employers' liabilities pursuant to the Workers' Compensation Act. Such an association may only include employers who are in the same or similar trades or businesses and who have substantially similar degrees of hazard of injury to their employees.

Exclusion Form

Workers' Compensation Commission Form 6B (for corporate officers) or Form 6B-1 (for partnerships) used to elect exclusion from workers' compensation insurance coverage or to revoke a previous election of exclusion.

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F

Filing Status and Exemption Form

Workers' Compensation Commission Form WCC-1A used by an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease ON OR AFTER October 1, 1991 to report federal tax filing status and number of claimed exemptions for determining workers' compensation benefits.

First Report of Injury

Workers' Compensation Commission Form WCC-15 (for non-State employees) or State of Connecticut Form PER WC-207 (for State employees) required to be filed by an employer in cases of an employee's occupational injury or disease that results in incapacity from work of one day or more.

Form 27-62

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman authorizing an employer to self-insure its workers' compensation insurance coverage liability.

Form 30C

Workers' Compensation Commission form serving as a proper written notice of claim for workers' compensation benefits.

Form 36

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by an employer or its workers' compensation insurance carrier to discontinue or reduce a claimant's workers' compensation benefit payments.

Form 42

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by an attending physician to report the existence and extent of a Permanent Partial Disability of an employee with a compensable work- related injury or occupational disease.

Form 43

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by an employer or its workers' compensation insurance carrier to deny or contest liability for a claim for workers' compensation benefits.

Form 44

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by a Workers' Compensation Commissioner to order payment by the State's Second Injury Fund of workers' compensation benefits to a claimant or as reimbursement to an employer or its workers' compensation insurance carrier for benefits already paid to a claimant.

Form 47

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by a Workers' Compensation Commissioner to award disfigurement or scarring benefits to an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease.

Form 48

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by an attending physician to report initial medical findings related to an employee's compensable work-related injury or occupational disease.

Form 49

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by an attending physician to report medical findings related to an employee's compensable work-related injury or occupational disease during the course of treatment.

Form 6B-1

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by a partnership to elect exclusion from workers' compensation insurance coverage or to revoke a previous election of exclusion.

Form 6B

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by a corporate officer to elect exclusion from workers' compensation insurance coverage or to revoke a previous election of exclusion.

Form 75

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by a sole proprietor of a business to elect inclusion for workers' compensation insurance coverage or to revoke a previous election of inclusion.

Form PER WC-207

State of Connecticut form required to be filed by the State of Connecticut in cases of a State employee's occupational injury or disease that results in incapacity from work of one day or more.

Form PER WC-208

State of Connecticut form used by an attending physician to report initial medical findings related to a State employee's compensable work-related injury or occupational disease.

Form WC18-76

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by an employer to apply for a Certificate of Solvency from the Commission.

Form WCC-15

Workers' Compensation Commission form required to be filed by an employer (other than the State of Connecticut) in cases of an employee's occupational injury or disease that results in incapacity from work of one day or more.

Form WCC-1

Workers' Compensation Commission form serving as an agreement between an employer's workers' compensation insurance carrier or a self-insured employer and an employee with a compensable work- related injury or occupational disease specifying the type and amount of workers' compensation benefit to be paid to the employee.

Form WCC-1A

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease ON OR AFTER October 1, 1991 to report federal tax filing status and number of claimed exemptions for determining workers' compensation benefits.

Form WCR-1

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease to request vocational rehabilitation services from the Commission's Division of Workers' Rehabilitation or by any other party referring such an employee to the Division for such services.

Form: Commutation and What It Means

Workers' Compensation Commission form signed by a claimant to signify understanding of and agreement to payment of workers' compensation benefits by commutation.

Form: Informal Hearing Request

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by any party requesting an Informal Hearing before a Workers' Compensation Commissioner.

Form: Notice to Employees

Workers' Compensation Commission notice required in each employer's workplace to notify its employees of its workers' compensation insurance coverage.

Form: Petition for Review

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by any party requesting an appeal before the Commission's Compensation Review Board.

Form: Stipulation and What It Means

Workers' Compensation Commission form signed by a claimant signifying understanding of and agreement to a final settlement of a workers' compensation case by stipulation.

Formal Hearing

Formal meeting between the parties in a workers' compensation case and presided over by a Workers' Compensation Commissioner for the purpose of resolving differences, disagreements, and the like to provide appropriate workers' compensation benefits to a claimant. Witnesses in Formal Hearings are sworn and testify and evidence is introduced, resulting in a binding written decision by the presiding Commissioner. Usually held in a Workers' Compensation Commission District Office, a Formal Hearing is the second level hearing available to adverse parties in a workers' compensation case and is scheduled when disputes cannot be resolved in any earlier Informal Hearing(s). There may be one or, more infrequently, two Formal Hearings in a workers' compensation case. Written decisions from Formal Hearings may be appealed to the Compensation Review Board.

Fraud Unit

The Workers' Compensation Fraud Unit within the Chief State's Attorney's Office, Division of Criminal Justice, which investigates complaints of workers' compensation fraud and takes appropriate action to enforce Connecticut law.

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H

Healing Arts

The practices of Chiropractic, Medicine, Natureopathy, Osteopathy, and Podiatry, pursuant to Section 20-1 of the Connecticut General Statutes.

Hearing

Informal or formal meeting between the parties in a workers' compensation case presided over by one or more Workers' Compensation Commissioner(s) for the purpose of resolving differences, disagreements, and the like in order to provide appropriate workers' compensation benefits to a claimant.

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I

IME

Independent Medical Examination.

Inclusion Form

Workers' Compensation Commission Form 75 used by a sole proprietor of a business to elect inclusion for workers' compensation insurance coverage or to revoke a previous election of inclusion.

Independent Medical Examination

Medical examination of a claimant usually requested by another party (i.e., the respondent in the case or a Workers' Compensation Commissioner) and conducted by a physician other than the claimant's attending physician.

Informal Disfigurement Evaluation

Workers' Compensation Commission Form 47 used by a Workers' Compensation Commissioner to award disfigurement or scarring benefits to an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease.

Informal Hearing

Short informal meeting between the parties in a workers' compensation case and presided over by a Workers' Compensation Commissioner for the purpose of resolving differences, disagreements, and the like in order to provide appropriate workers' compensation benefits to a claimant. Held in a Workers' Compensation Commission District Office, an Informal Hearing is the first level of hearing available to adverse parties in a workers' compensation case and involves discussion of any disputed issue(s) and production of appropriate supporting documents and other evidence. A workers' compensation case may include one or more Informal Hearing(s); cases in which no resolution of disputed issues occurs are recommended for Formal Hearings. However, nearly all cases involving disputed issues are resolved in Informal Hearings.

Informal Hearing Request

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by any party requesting an Informal Hearing before a Workers' Compensation Commissioner.

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J

Job Search

When an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease is not able to do regular work, but can perform light duty work (as defined by the attending physician) and no light duty work is available at the regular employer, that employee may still be eligible for Temporary Partial Disability benefits, subject to performing a job search. A job search is the process by which such an employee looks for ANY type of work which falls within the attending physician's physical restrictions and submits a weekly report of the results of the search to the employer's workers' compensation insurance carrier or self-insured employer, taking a suitable job if it is offered, until healing from the injury or disease to the extent that the attending physician returns the employee to his or her regular job.

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L

Light Duty

Work prescribed by an employee's attending physician to fall within certain physical restrictions while the employee continues to heal from a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease.

List of Approved Medical Practitioners

The Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman (in consultation with the Workers' Compensation Advisory Board) may establish a list of approved physicians and other practitioners who may render medical services to employees with compensable work- related injuries or occupational diseases. Administrative Regulation 31-280-1 specifies standards for approval of medical practitioners to treat employees in workers' compensation cases, as well as criteria for the removal of practitioners from the list.

Lump Sum Payment

Payment of a workers' compensation award of benefits or other sum(s) as one or more partial or total payment(s), instead of the more common weekly or biweekly payments which equally distribute such sum(s). A lump sum payment may result from a Commutation or a Stipulation.

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M

Maximum Compensation Rate

Highest weekly workers' compensation benefit rate provided for by the Workers' Compensation Act. The maximum rate may vary from employee to employee, depending on the date of an employee's injury (and in turn the law which applies to that injury) and the type of benefit for which an employee is eligible.

Maximum Medical Improvement

Time at which a claimant's attending physician determines that the claimant has healed from a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease to the fullest extent he or she is expected to heal. At this time the attending physician determines whether or not the claimant has sustained a Permanent Partial Disability to any body part(s) and the degree of such impairment(s).

Medical Care Plan

An employer's plan to provide its employees with medical care for their compensable work-related injuries and occupational diseases. Such a plan is also known as a "Preferred Provider Organization", or "PPO".

Medical Fee Schedule

The Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman (in consultation with employers, their insurance carriers, union representatives, physicians, and third-party reimbursement organizations) is required to develop and annually publish maximum fees payable to medical practitioners for medical services rendered in workers' compensation cases (except for medical treatment of employees covered by approved workers' compensation medical care plans and those employed by the State of Connecticut, who are covered by a separate Medical Fee Schedule for State Employees).

Medical Fee Schedule for State Employees

The State of Connecticut Commissioner of Administrative Services is required to set, by regulation, maximum fees payable to medical practitioners for medical services rendered in workers' compensation cases of employees of the State of Connecticut (except those covered by the State of Connecticut's approved workers' compensation medical care plan).

Medical Practice Protocols

The Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman (in consultation with insurers and medical practitioners) is required to develop and annually publish medical practice protocols for the medical treatment rendered in workers' compensation cases. The protocols must be used by medical practitioners, employers, workers' compensation insurance carriers, and Workers' Compensation Commissioners in evaluating the necessity and appropriateness of medical care in workers' compensation cases.

Medical Practitioner Billing Guidelines

The Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman (in consultation with insurers and medical practitioners) is required to develop and annually publish billing guidelines for medical services rendered in workers' compensation cases. The guidelines must be used by employers, workers' compensation insurance carriers, and medical practitioners.

Minimum Compensation Rate

Lowest weekly workers' compensation benefit rate provided for by the Workers' Compensation Act. The minimum rate may vary from employee to employee, depending on the date of an employee's injury (and in turn the law which applies to that injury) and the type of benefit for which an employee is eligible.

MMI

Maximum Medical Improvement.

Motion To Preclude

Motion filed to stop from consideration (or preclude) any defense to a claim's compensability other than a jurisdictional defense (e.g., whether there was an employer/employee relationship) or a defense asserted by the respondent(s) in a proper and valid notice of contest.

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N

Notice of Claim

Claimant's written notice alleging a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease and claiming workers' compensation benefits for such. The Workers' Compensation Commission Form 30C serves as a proper written notice of claim.

Notice to Employees

Workers' Compensation Commission notice required in each employer's workplace to notify its employees of its workers' compensation insurance coverage.

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O

Occupational Disease

Disease peculiar to an employee's occupation and due to causes in excess of the ordinary hazards of employment as such.

Occupational Disease Surveillance Program

Joint program between the State Departments of Health and Labor and the Workers' Compensation Commission designed to track and prevent occupational diseases.

Occupational Health Clinics

Medical clinics specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of occupationally-related illnesses and diseases and the evaluation of workplaces for health-related hazards.

Occupational Injury

Accidental injury which may be definitely located as to the time when and the place where the accident occurred, and is causally connected with the injured person's employment, or is the direct result of repetitive trauma or repetitive acts incident to such employment, as well as occupational disease.

Order to Custodian of Second Injury Fund

Workers' Compensation Commission Form 44 used by a Workers' Compensation Commissioner to order payment by the State's Second Injury Fund of workers' compensation benefits to a claimant or as reimbursement to an employer or its workers' compensation insurance carrier for benefits already paid to a claimant.

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration. In Connecticut, there are Federal OSHA and ConnOSHA: Federal OSHA inspects private sector workplaces for health and safety violations and provides information and ConnOSHA is a unit in the State Labor Department that inspects public sector workplaces and performs consultations in the private and public sectors.

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P

Payments "Without Prejudice"

Payment of workers' compensation benefits to a claimant while the compensability of an alleged work-related injury or occupational disease is in question. Payments made "without prejudice" must begin on or before the 28th day after an employer receives a claimant's written notice of claim for compensation.

Permanent Partial

Permanent Partial Disability or an award of Permanent Partial Disability benefits.

Permanent Partial Award

Award of workers' compensation benefits paid to an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease for a Permanent Partial Disability of one or more part(s) of the employee's body.

Permanent Partial Disability

Permanent loss of, or loss of use of, one or more body part(s) of an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease. If it is determined by the attending physician at the time of the employee's maximum medical improvement that a Permanent Partial Disability exists, that employee is eligible to receive Permanent Partial Disability benefits.

Permanent Partial Disability Benefits

Workers' compensation benefits paid to an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease for a Permanent Partial Disability of one or more part(s) of the employee's body.

Personal Injury

Accidental injury which may be definitely located as to the time when and the place where the accident occurred, and is causally connected with the injured person's employment or the direct result of repetitive trauma or repetitive acts incident to such employment, as well as occupational disease.

Petition for Review

Workers' Compensation Commission form used by any party requesting an appeal before the Commission's Compensation Review Board.

Posting Notice

Workers' Compensation Commission notice required in each employer's workplace to notify its employees of its workers' compensation insurance coverage.

PPD

Permanent Partial Disability or Permanent Partial Disability benefits.

PPO

Preferred Provider Organization.

Preferred Provider Organization

An employer's medical care plan for the treatment of its employee's compensable work-related injuries and occupational diseases.

Presumptive Dependent

Any of the following persons, who are conclusively presumed to be wholly dependent for support upon a deceased employee: (1) a wife upon a husband with whom she lives at the time of his injury or from whom she receives support regularly; (2) a husband upon a wife with whom he lives at the time of her injury or from whom he receives support regularly; (3) any child under the age of eighteen or over the age of eighteen but who is physically or mentally incapacitated from earning, upon the parent with whom he or she is living or from whom he or she is receiving support regularly, at the time of the injury of the parent; or (4) any unmarried child who has attained the age of eighteen but has not attained the age of twenty-two and who is a full-time student, upon the parent with whom he or she is living or from whom he or she is receiving support regularly.

Previous Disability

An employee's preexisting condition due to the total or partial loss of, or loss of use of, one hand, arm, foot, or eye resulting from an accidental injury, a disease, or from congenital causes, or any other permanent physical impairment.

Product Liability Suit

Suit brought by an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease against a party other than the employee's employer who is alleged to be responsible in some way or to some degree for the injury or disease.

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R

Rehabilitation Request Form

Workers' Compensation Commission Form WCR-1 used by an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease to request vocational rehabilitation services from the Commission's Division of Workers' Rehabilitation or by any other party referring such an employee to the Division for such services.

Rehabilitation Services

Workers' Compensation Commission unit that provides vocational rehabilitation services to eligible employees with compensable work-related injuries or occupational diseases who cannot return to the types of work which caused their injuries or diseases.

Relapse or Recurrence

Situation in which an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease who has improved and returned to work has a return of some medical problem(s) caused by the injury or disease, resulting in another period of incapacity from work and/or necessitating further medical treatment. An employee is eligible for wage replacement benefits for a relapse or recurrence.

Relapse or Recurrence Benefits

Wage replacement benefits paid to an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease during that employee's period of Relapse or Recurrence of the previous injury or disease.

Respondent

Employer or its workers' compensation insurance carrier in a workers' compensation case.

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S

Safety & Health Services

Workers' Compensation Commission unit that provides information and assistance regarding Connecticut's employer health and safety committee requirement.

Scar

Mark left on the skin after the healing of a wound or sore, or any mark, damage, or lasting effect resulting from a past injury.

Schedule of Injuries

List in the Workers' Compensation Act providing the maximum number of weeks of Permanent Partial Disability benefits for each body part. Only injuries (body parts) in this statutory schedule are eligible for Permanent Partial Disability benefits.

Second Disability

Disability arising out of a second injury.

Second Injury

Injury (incurred by accident, repetitive trauma, repetitive acts, or disease arising out of and in the course employment) to an employee with a previous disability.

Second Injury Fund

State of Connecticut fund used to provide payment of workers' compensation benefits and/or other payments in certain workers' compensation cases. The Fund is provided by assessments on all Connecticut employers and is in the custody of the State Treasurer.

Self Insurance

Manner in which an employer provides workers' compensation insurance coverage for its employees by insuring itself rather than by purchasing workers' compensation insurance coverage from a private insurance carrier.

Settlement

Term used for Permanent Partial Disability benefits or to refer to a Stipulation, which is a final close-out of a workers' compensation case.

SIF

The State of Connecticut's Second Injury Fund.

Specific

Award of Permanent Partial Disability benefits for one or more of an employee's specific body part(s) due to that employee's compensable work-related injury or occupational disease.

State Average Production Wage

Average weekly earnings of production and related workers in manufacturing in Connecticut, determined annually by the State Labor Commissioner. This is lower than the State Average Weekly Wage of all Connecticut workers, because it does not include salaries of supervisory personnel.

State Average Weekly Wage

Average weekly earnings of all workers in Connecticut, determined annually by the State Labor Commissioner. This is higher than the State Average Production Wage, because it includes salaries of supervisory personnel.

Statistical Division

Workers' Compensation Commission division which compiles and maintains statistics on occupational injuries and diseases, voluntary agreements, claims status, and Workers' Compensation Commissioners' dockets, among others.

Stip

Stipulation or stipulated agreement.

Stipulated Agreement

Agreement to stipulate a workers' compensation case (close a case, finally, by stipulation).

Stipulation

Process whereby an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease and the employer (and/or its workers' compensation insurance carrier) close a workers' compensation case finally. This happens when an employee is paid a sum of money and/or provided certain medical treatment(s) and, in return, signs away any future right to benefits for the stipulated injury or disease. Some stipulations close out all aspects of a case (i.e., benefits AND medical treatment) while other stipulations close out portions of available benefits (i.e., benefit payments OR medical treatment), leaving the remaining benefits "open."

Stipulation and What It Means

Workers' Compensation Commission form signed by a claimant signifying understanding of and agreement to a final settlement of a workers' compensation case by stipulation.

Substitute System of Insurance

An employer's agreement with its employees to provide a system of compensation, benefit, and insurance in lieu of the compensation and insurance provided by the Workers' Compensation Act. Such a system must provide benefits to its employees which are at least equivalent to the benefits provided by the Act and must adhere to requirements for such systems as are prescribed in the Act.

Survivors' Benefits

Burial expenses for an employee who dies as a result of a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease and wage replacement benefits to surviving dependents of such a deceased employee. Such benefits are also known as "Death Benefits", "Dependent Survivors' Benefits", or "Fatality Benefits".

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T

Temporary Partial

Temporary Partial Disability or Temporary Partial Disability benefits.

Temporary Partial Disability

Temporary, but only partial, incapacity from work of an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease. During a period of partial incapacity, an employee can perform SOME types of work and may be eligible for Temporary Partial Disability benefits.

Temporary Partial Disability Benefits

Wage replacement benefits paid to an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease during that employee's period of Temporary Partial Disability.

Temporary Total

Temporary Total Disability or Temporary Total Disability benefits.

Temporary Total Disability

Temporary, but total, incapacity from work of an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease. During a period of total incapacity, an employee is unable to perform ANY type of work and is eligible for Temporary Total Disability benefits.

Temporary Total Disability Benefits

Wage replacement benefits paid to an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease during that employee's period of Temporary Total Disablity.

Third Party

Party other than an employer or employee who is or may be responsible in some way or to some degree for an employee's compensable work-related injury or occupational disease.

Third Party Claim

Claim for workers' compensation and/or other benefits made by an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease against a third party (party other than employee or employer).

TP

Temporary Partial Disability or Temporary Partial Disability benefits.

TT

Temporary Total Disability or Temporary Total Disability benefits.

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U

Utilization Review Procedures

The Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman (in consultation with insurers and medical practitioners) is required to develop and annually publish utilization review procedures for medical treatment in workers' compensation cases. The procedures must be used by medical practitioners, employers, workers' compensation insurance carriers, and Workers' Compensation Commissioners in evaluating the necessity and appropriateness of medical care in workers' compensation cases.

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V

VA

Workers' Compensation Commission "Voluntary Agreement", Form WCC-1.

Vocational Rehabilition

Services provided to an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease to return that employee to the workforce in a new occupation, the performance of which is within that employee's physical limitations resulting from the injury or disease. The Workers' Compensation Commission's Rehabilitation Services unit provides a full range of vocational rehabilitation services, without charge, to eligible employees who cannot return to their initial occupations. Employees may apply to Rehabilitation Services themselves or may be referred to Rehabilitation Services by an employer, an insurance representative, a medical practitioner, a Workers' Compensation Commissioner, or another party.

Voluntary Agreement

Workers' Compensation Commission Form WCC-1 serving as an agreement between an employer's workers' compensation insurance carrier or a self-insured employer and an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease specifying the type and amount of workers' compensation benefit to be paid to the employee.

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W

Waiting Period

The first three calendar days of a work-related incapacity from work, during which an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease is ineligible to receive workers' compensation benefits, other than appropriate and necessary medical care. For employees incapacitated from work for seven or more calendar days due to the injury or disease, the waiting period is waived and they are eligible to receive workers' compensation wage replacement benefits for the entire period of incapacity from work.

Weekly Wage Differential

Weekly difference between the earnings of an employee with a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease before the occurrence of the injury or disease and the earnings of that same employee after the occurrence of the injury or disease. If the employee is no longer able to work in the job, this is the weekly difference between the earnings of the employee before the occurrence of the injury or disease and the earnings presently being paid in the job in which the employee worked at the time of the occurrence of the injury or disease.

Workers' Compensation Act

Chapter 568 of the Connecticut General Statutes, comprised of Sections 31-275 through 31-355a, which establishes the Connecticut workers' compensation system of wage replacement benefits for and medical treatment of compensable work-related injuries and occupational diseases, as well as the State agency, the Workers' Compensation Commission, which administers the Connecticut workers' compensation system.

Workers' Compensation Administrative Regulations

Regulations adopted in accordance with statutory authority to prescribe procedures and requirements regarding activities within the workers' compensation system.

Workers' Compensation Advisory Board

Board provided for by the Workers' Compensation Act to assist the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman in the performance of his duties. The Board is comprised of four individuals representing employee organizations, four individuals representing employer organizations, and a ninth individual who is selected by the Board to serve as an impartial chairman of the Board.

Workers' Compensation Benefits

Compensation benefits or other payments mandated by the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act including, but not limited to, indemnity; medical and surgical aid or hospital and nursing service under Section 31-294d of the Act; and any type of payment for disability, whether for total or partial disability of a permanent or temporary nature, death benefit, funeral expense, payments made under Sections 31-284b, 31-293a, or 31-310 of the Act, or any adjustment in benefits or payments required by the Act.

Workers' Compensation Commission

State agency established by the Workers' Compensation Act to administer the Connecticut workers' compensation system.

Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman

Workers' Compensation Commissioner appointed by the Governor to head the Workers' Compensation Commission and administer the state workers' compensation system according to the provisions of the Workers' Compensation Act.

Workers' Compensation Commissioner

Administrative offical authorized by the Workers' Compensation Act to have jurisdiction in whatever matter referred to in a given section of the Act.

Workers' Compensation District

Jurisdiction established by the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman to administer matters of the workers' compensation system within a given geographical area.

Workers' Compensation District Office

Workers' Compensation Commission office which administers matters of the workers' compensation system within the jurisdiction of the Workers' Compensation District in which it is located. Informal and Formal Hearings are held in District Offices, which also maintain certain records pertinent to their jurisdictions, such as workers' compensation case files.

Workers' Compensation Fraud Unit

Unit within the Office of the Chief State's Attorney, Division of Criminal Justice, which investigates complaints of workers' compensation fraud and takes appropriate action to enforce Connecticut law.

Workers' Compensation Jurisdiction

Workers' compensation system by which an employee with a work- related injury or occupational disease is provided medical treatment for the injury or disease and wage replacement benefits while incapacitated from regular work. The Connecticut workers' compensation system covers most private and public sector employees in the state. However, some employees may be eligible to receive workers' compensation benefits from the Connecticut system and another system simultaneously or, in some cases, eligible only to receive workers' compensation benefits from another system. Other systems include the Jones Act, the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, and the Federal Employees' Workers' Compensation System.

Workers' Compensation Legal Advisory Panel

Panel provided for by the Workers' Compensation Act to assist the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman in the performance of his duties by providing him with guidance in legal matters pertaining to the workers' compensation system.

Workers' Compensation Medical Advisory Panel

Panel provided for by the Workers' Compensation Act to assist the Workers' Compensation Commission Chairman in the performance of his duties by providing him with guidance in medical matters pertaining to the workers' compensation system.

Written Notice of Claim

Claimant's written notice alleging a compensable work-related injury or occupational disease and claiming workers' compensation benefits for such. The Workers' Compensation Commission Form 30C serves as a proper written notice of claim.

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State of Connecticut Workers' Compensation Commission, John A. Mastropietro, Chairman
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